Periodontal disease, or periodontitis, is a major disease affecting the gums of a person. It is an inflammatory condition that affects the gums surrounding the teeth, which would eventually progress onto the jawbone if left untreated. When the plaque and tartar accumulate on the surface of the teeth, they infect the nearby gums as well. This would lead to a condition called gingivitis. When gingivitis becomes severe, it leads to periodontitis.
Types of periodontal diseases
Chronic periodontitis: It is characterized by the recession of gums and deeper pockets. If you feel the length of your teeth is increasing, it is actually the receding of the gums below the average gum level. Sometimes, one may experience rapid spreading of the disease and loss of gum tissue as well.
Aggressive periodontitis: It is characterized by loss of gum tissue and also the bone. It is hard to notice and can easily affect an individual who seems very healthy.
Necrotizing periodontitis: Necrosis is the death of the tissues of the body. This type of periodontitis is seen in patients who are suffering from diseases such as HIV.
Sometimes, periodontitis is caused due to other systemic diseases such as respiratory infection, heart diseases, and diabetes.
How can periodontitis be treated?
Scaling and root planing: Scaling is a process of removing the accumulated plaque and tartar from the surface of the teeth. Root planing is a deep cleaning procedure, where the tartar deposits are removed from the root surface. Root planning is highly effective when it comes to treating periodontitis.
Gum surgery: A gum graft can treat the recession of gums. In this procedure, infected tissues will be removed using a highly powerful laser. Healthy gum tissues will be extracted from a different part of the mouth and grafted to the infected area.
Pocket reduction surgery: This eliminates deep pockets that exist between the teeth and gums. It prevents the accumulation of the bacteria in the pockets. It can be achieved in two ways, i.e., either a gingival flap surgery or by laser treatment.
Medication: Certain powerful drugs such as Arestin will be used by the dentist to counter the spread of infection. It will directly be placed under the gums and is known to be one of the best treatment options against the disease.
Schedule an online appointment or call us at (615) 540-0888 to have a consultation with Dr. Stein, and we’ll be happy to guide you further.